Education Program

Components of an Individualized Education Program

Under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) all students who are classified with a disability must have an Individualized Education Program (IEP). An IEP is the method by which parents and educators can set appropriate goals and assess a student's progress. There are certain elements necessary for an effective IEP. This article will explain those necessary elements.
Present Levels of Performance
The first part of the IEP describes the student's current custom writing help performance. The present levels of performance are determined by evaluation results and observations by parents and educators. They include information on how the student's disability affects his educational performance.
Annual Goals
Every IEP must include goals that the student should be able to achieve in one year based on his present levels of performance. The goals do not need to be solely related to academics. They can also be social, behavioral, or related to physical needs. Each goal needs to be clear and measurable, and the IEP must explain how the student's progress will be measured, as well as how the parents will be informed of the student's progress. 
Special Education and Related Services
The IEP must include the student's placement and any other related special education services. This includes the type of classroom or classrooms in which the child will participate, as well as any supplementary aids and supports needed. This section will also include any training or professional development for the educators that are necessary to ensure the child's success. The date services will begin and the frequency with which they will be provided must also be included.
Participation in Standardized Tests
Achievement tests are regularly given to students based on grade level or age group. A student's IEP must address the modifications necessary for him to participate in those tests or an explanation for why it is not appropriate for the student to participate in the test. It must also include the alternative assessments for the student if he is not to take the regular test.
Transition Service Needs
By the time a student is 16 years old, his IEP must include transition services. This includes a statement of his post-school goals, as well as any services or courses he needs to reach those goals. The statement of transition services needs to be updated annually.
Age of Majority
The student must be told of any rights that will transfer to him once he reaches the age of majority no less than one year before that point. His IEP must also include a statement that those rights have been explained to him. The laws regarding age of majority differ by state. 
Careful development of your student's IEP is essential to keeping him on the path to success, both in school and out. Making sure all necessary components are included in the IEP will help ensure appropriate goals are set and progress is continuously measured.